Luttrell Surname Project
American "Luttrell" matches American "Littrell" on 34 of 34 DNA markers -
A Louisiana "Luttrell" matches an Illinois "Luttrell" on 42 of 43 markers. But, we need more participants for more complete results.
*(Note: This result in no way suggests all Luttrell/Littrells have such connections.
In fact, they don't! But, finding dis-similarities is also productive in the understanding of "our" family)
There was a Luttrell DNA Project at DNAHeritage.com, but, in 2011, DNA Heritage was acquired by FamilyTreeDNA. They have not published the Luttrell results they acquired. The Luttrell DNA Project at DNA Heritage was administered by Simon Luttrell of Ireland. His website and contact info has vanished. If you have info on him, please contact me. Or, if you were tested at DNA Heritage and would like to share your results with other Luttrells, please contact me.
I have access to some records which were previously published by the Luttrell DNA Project on ybase.org. I do not publish them for privacy (legality) reasons. However, I do use them for a general reference regarding DNA results published on this website, such as the "Luttrell/Littrell" info above. I would ask anyone that acquires their own DNA results to email them to me for inclusion in future research reports on this website. Additionally, I suggest you upload your results to ysearch.org, sponsored by FamilyTreeDNA.org.
Note: FamilyTreeDNA.org and Ancestry.com both offer genealogic DNA testing.
This project uses DNA testing of the Y-chromosome. Since only males inherit the Y-chromosome from their fathers, the Y-DNA follows the surname, passing from father to son through all subsequent generations, unchanged (except for random minor mutations) for well over 500 years.
To participate directly in this project, you should be a male "Luttrell", regardless of your nationality, national origin, or variants in spelling of the surname. However, females, whose birth surname was "Luttrell", are welcome and encouraged to participate indirectly by having a male Luttrell relative (father, brother, uncle, cousin) join the project.
Females do not have Y-DNA. They neither inherit it from their fathers nor pass it down to their sons. Thus tracing family lines through maternal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is problematical, since the mtDNA is passed through the generations only from mothers to daughters. The mtDNA does not follow the family surname due to marriages, with female birth names often quickly lost to history. The mtDNA is passed from mothers to sons, but sons do not pass it on to their children.
This is easier than brushing your teeth. You simply use a cotton-tipped scraper to brush the cheeks inside your mouth in the privacy of your own home. Results are emailed to you in about three weeks. You then post your own test results on a community data board -
click on "Search by Surname" to find other "Luttrells"
About DNA testing for genealogical purposes
DNA is quickly becoming an important part of the study of genealogy. While DNA alone cannot be used for genealogical purposes, its combination with the two traditional sources for family history research - oral history and recorded documents - can reveal long-forgotten connections or break down oft-repeated family myths.
_(from CHRIS POMERY'S DNA PORTAL -
There are two basic DNA tests being offered to family historians: the Y-chromosome test and the mitochondrial test.
The Y-chromosome in the nuclear DNA of every living man resembles that of his father and his paternal grandfather, and is carried by male cousins of any degree that share the same male ancestor. Tests of tiny chemical markers in one part of the Y-chromosome that does not change much over time will reveal the testee's haplogroup, one of 28 shared by all humans on the planet. Tests of other markers in another part of the Y-chromosome that changes more rapidly reveal the testee's haplotype, the numeric pattern of their individual DNA. Combined together the two tests distinguish one male-to-male lineage from another and reveal a 'DNA signature' for each individual man.
The mitochondrial test looks at the mitochondria, a special part of nearly all human cells, which is passed on female-to-child and is inherited down the female line. It is generally used to study long-term population developments such as migrations and has no real use for family historians. The Y-chromosome test can only be taken by men while the mitochondrial test can be taken by both men and women.
The Y-chromosome test (the Y-test) can indicate:
- whether specific individual men share a common male ancestor.
- if a set of men with the same or similar surname are directly related through a common ancestor.
- how many different common male ancestors any given group collectively shares.
- to which broad haplogroup each individual male belongs to (for example, over half of all Europeans belong to one of two major haplogroups of 28 known worldwide).
- an analysis of the mutations in the Y-chromosome can also be used to estimate the degree of separation between individual males in terms of the number of generations since the separation occurred. That man is often referred to as the most recent comon ancestor or MRCA. (There is currently a debate over the 'natural' rate of mutation of individual DNA markers over time.)